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Sample First Aid Questions

 

B Unless there is danger of further injury, a person with a compound fracture should not be moved until bleeding is controlled and what action is taken? the bone has been set the fracture is immobilized radio advice has been obtained the wound has been washed
C What is the primary purpose of a splint applied in first aid? Control bleeding Reset the bone Immobilize a fracture Reduce pain
C You are treating a shipmate with a compound fracture of the lower arm. Which action should you take? Force the ends of the bones back into line, treat the bleeding, and splint. Apply a tourniquet to control bleeding then align the bones and splint. Apply a bulky, sterile, pressure dressing to control bleeding, then apply a temporary splint, and obtain medical advice. Apply traction to the hand to keep the bones in line, splint, and apply a pressure dressing.
C Which is the most serious type of fracture? Greenstick Crack Compound Closed
D How deeply should the sternum be depressed when applying chest compressions on an adult victim during CPR? 1 to 1-1/2 inches 1/2 to 1 inch 1/2 inch or less 1-1/2 to 2 inches
D You are attempting to administer CPR to a victim. When you blow into his mouth it is apparent that no air is getting into the lungs. What should you do? Raise the victim's head higher than his feet. Press on the victim's lungs so that air pressure will blow out any obstruction. Blow harder to force the air past the tongue. Re-tip the head and try again.
D What should a person do after being revived by artificial respiration? be given several shots of whiskey be walked around until he is back to normal be allowed to do as he wishes be kept lying down and warm
B You are administering chest compressions during CPR. Where on the victim's body should the pressure be applied? Left chest over the heart Lower half of the sternum Tip of the sternum Top half of the sternum
C The rescuer can best provide an airtight seal during mouth-to-mouth resuscitation by pinching the victim's nostrils and __________. holding the jaw down firmly cupping a hand around the patient's mouth applying his mouth tightly over the victim's mouth keeping the head elevated
D While carrying out artificial respiration how should rescuers be changed out? at ten-minute intervals by not stopping the respiration for more than 5 minutes only with the help of two other people without losing the rhythm of respiration
D What is the MOST important element in administering CPR? treating for traumatic shock having the proper equipment for the process administering of oxygen starting the treatment quickly
C What is the FIRST thing the rescuer must do if the patient vomits during mouth-to mouth resuscitation? ignore it and continue mouth-to-mouth ventilation pause for a moment until the patient appears quiet again, then resume ventilation mouth-to-mouth turn the patient's body to the side, sweep out the mouth and resume mouth-to-mouth ventilation switch to mouth-to-nose ventilation
D What action must be taken if a shipmate suffers a heart attack and stops breathing? immediately give a stimulant, by force if necessary administer oxygen make the victim comfortable in a bunk immediately start CPR
A What is a sign(s) of respiratory arrest requiring artificial respiration? blue color and lack of breathing vomiting unconsciousness irregular breathing
C What should you do before CPR is started? insure the victim is conscious treat any bleeding wounds establish an open airway make the victim comfortable
D Which situation may require you to administer artificial respiration? drowning poisoning electrocution All of the above.
C What is MOST important when administering artificial respiration? monitor blood pressure know all approved methods clear airways use the rhythmic pressure method
B After pinching a victim's nostrils, how can a rescuer best provide an airtight seal during mouth to mouth ventilation? by holding the jaw down firmly by applying his mouth tightly over the victim's mouth by keeping the head elevated by cupping a hand around the patient's mouth
A How can you recognize the necessity for administering artificial respiration? blue color and lack of breathing irregular breathing vomiting unconsciousness
B What should you do in order to initiate CPR on a drowning victim? drain water from the lungs before ventilating begin mouth-to-mouth ventilations start chest compressions before the victim is removed from the water do not tilt the head back since it may cause vomiting
D Which statement is CORRECT with respect to inserting an airway tube? A size 2 airway tube is the correct size for an adult. Inserting the airway tube will prevent vomiting. The airway tube will not damage the victim's throat. Only a trained person should attempt to insert an airway tube.
B What should a observer do if a victim is coughing and wheezing from a partial obstruction of the airway? give back blows and something to drink allow the person to continue coughing and dislodge the obstruction on his own perform the Heimlich maneuver immediately start CPR
C What action should you take if a shipmate chokes suddenly, cannot speak, and starts to turn blue? immediately administer CPR make the victim lie down with the feet elevated to get blood to the brain perform the Heimlich maneuver do nothing until the victim becomes unconscious
B For small, first-degree burns, what is the quickest method to relieve pain? administer aspirin immerse the burn in cold water apply a bandage to exclude air apply petroleum jelly
C In reviving a person who has been overcome by gas fumes, what would you AVOID doing? Keeping the patient warm and comfortable Prompt removal of the patient from the suffocating atmosphere Giving stimulants Applying artificial respiration and massage
C A person who gets battery acid in an eye should IMMEDIATELY wash the eye with what liquid? baking soda solution boric acid solution water ammonia
B When should a tourniquet be used to control bleeding? when the victim is unconscious when all other means have failed to prevent bleeding from minor wounds with puncture wounds
A As a last resort, what can a tourniquet can be used for? stop uncontrolled bleeding restrain a delirious victim hold a large bandage in place hold a victim in a stretcher
C A seaman has a small, gaping laceration of the arm that is not bleeding excessively. What can be done as an alternative to suturing to close the wound? Wrap a tight bandage around the wound. Use temporary stitches of sail twine. Apply butterfly strips, then a sterile dressing. Apply a compression bandage.
A What is the appropriate first aid treatment for small cuts and open wounds? stop the bleeding, clean, medicate, and cover the wound apply an ice pack to the wound and cover it when the bleeding stops apply a hot towel to purge the wound, then medicate and cover it lay the patient down and cover the wound when the bleeding stops
A A person reports to you with a fishhook in his thumb, what procedure should you use to remove it? push the barb through, cut it off, then remove the hook cut the skin from around the hook pull it out with pliers have a surgeon remove it
B In all but the most severe cases, how should bleeding from a wound be controlled? cooling the wound with ice applying direct pressure to the wound applying a tourniquet submerging the wound in lukewarm water
D A person has suffered a laceration of the arm. Severe bleeding has been controlled by using a sterile dressing and direct pressure. What should you do next? Apply a tourniquet to prevent the bleeding from restarting. Remove any small foreign matter and apply antiseptic. Administer fluids to assist the body in replacing the lost blood. Apply a pressure bandage over the dressing.
A How does bleeding from a vein appear? dark red and has a steady flow bright red and slow dark red and spurting bright red and spurting
B How does blood flowing from a cut artery appear? dark red and in spurts bright red and in spurts bright red with a steady flow dark red with a steady flow
B Ordinarily, bleeding from a vein may be controlled by what method? heavy application of a disinfectant applying direct pressure to the wound pinching the wound closed pouring ice water directly onto the wound
B What is the preferred method of controlling external bleeding? a tourniquet above the wound direct pressure on the wound pressure on a pressure point elevating the wounded area
A When a person is in shock, how will their skin appear? cold and damp warm and damp warm and dry cold and dry
C After an accident the victim may go into shock and die. What should be done to help prevent shock? Slightly elevate the head and feet. Keep the person awake. Keep the person lying down and at a comfortable temperature. Give the person a stimulant to increase blood flow.
A EXCEPT when suffering from a head or chest injury a patient in shock should be placed in which position? Head down and feet up Arms above the head Head up and feet down Flat on back with head and feet elevated
B In any major injury, first aid includes the treatment for the injury and what secondary condition? application of CPR for traumatic shock removal of any foreign objects administration of oxygen
C What is a treatment for traumatic shock? Open clothing to allow cooling of the body. Keep the victim in a sitting position. Administer fluids. Administer CPR.
B A patient in shock should NOT be placed in which position? Flat on their back with head and feet at the same level Arms above their head On their side if unconscious Head down and feet up, no injuries to face or head
C What are the symptoms of sun stroke? Temperature falls below normal, pulse is rapid, skin is clammy. Temperature falls below normal, pulse is rapid and feeble, skin is cold and clammy. Temperature is high, pulse is strong and rapid, skin is hot and dry. Temperature is high, pulse is slow and feeble, skin is clammy.
B If a person is unconscious from electric shock, the first action is to remove him from the electrical source. What is the secondary action? administer ammonia smelling salts determine if he is breathing massage vigorously to restore circulation check for serious burns on the body
B Since electrical burn victims may be in shock, what is the FIRST medical indicator to check for? symptoms of concussion breathing and heartbeat indication of broken bones bleeding injuries
A What precaution should be taken when treating burns caused by contact with dry lime? Before washing, the lime should be brushed away gently. The entire burn area should be covered with ointment. The burned area should be immersed in water. Water should be applied in a fine spray.
C A man has suffered a burn on the arm. There is extensive damage to the skin with charring present. How is this injury classified using standard medical terminology? Major burn Dermal burn Third-degree burn Lethal burn
C A man has a burn on his arm. There is reddening of the skin, blistering, and swelling. Using standard medical terminology what type of burn is this? major burn secondary burn second-degree burn blister burn
C When treating a chemical burn, what is the minimum amount of time you should flood the burned area? ten minutes twenty minutes five minutes fifteen minutes
D A victim has suffered a second-degree burn to a small area of the lower arm. What is the proper treatment for this injury? Apply burn ointment, remove any foreign material and insure that nothing is in contact with the burn. Immerse the arm in cold water for 1 to 2 hours, open any blister and apply burn ointment. Open any blisters with a sterile needle, apply burn ointment and bandage. Immerse the arm in cold water for 1 to 2 hours, apply burn ointment, and bandage.
D A man has suffered a burn on the arm. There is a reddening of the skin but no other apparent damage. Using standard MEDICAL terminology, what type of burn is this? Superficial burn Extremity burn Minor burn First-degree burn
B Chemical burns are caused by the skin coming in contact with what substance(s)? alkalies, but not acids acids or alkalies diesel oil acids, but not alkalies
A What can be caused by severe airway burns? complete obstruction of respiratory passages nosebleed nausea reddening of cheeks
C What is the immediate and most effective first aid treatment for chemical burns? apply an ice pack to the burned area apply ointment to the burned area flood the affected area with water wrap the burn with sterile dressing
A What is the most important concern in treating a person with extensive burns? preventing infection cooling with ice water reducing disfigurement reducing swelling
C What is the basic emergency care for third degree electrical burns? flood the burned area with warm water for two minutes brush away the charred skin and wrap the burned area cover the burned area with a clean cloth and transport the patient to a medical facility apply ointment or spray to the burned area and wrap with a clean cloth
A What should you do when treating a person for third-degree burns? cover the burns with thick, sterile dressings break blisters and remove dead tissue make the person stand up and walk to increase circulation submerge the burn area in cold water
D If a rescuer finds an electrical burn victim in the vicinity of live electrical equipment or wiring, what would be the first action to take? apply ointment to the burned areas on the patient flush water over any burned area of the patient remove the patient from the vicinity of the live electrical equipment or wiring get assistance to shut down electrical power in the area
D How should a minor heat burn of the eye be treated? mineral oil drops directly on the eye warming the eye with moist warm packs laying the person flat on his back gently flooding with water
B What is of importance when a patient has an electrical burn? apply ointment to the burn area and wrap with clean cloth look for a second burn, which may have been caused by the current passing through the body remove any dirt or charred skin from the area of the burn locate the nearest water source and flood the burn with water for five minutes
C What should be the FIRST treatment of a person suspected of having airway burns? apply a cool damp dressing to his neck have him drink cool liquids maintain an open airway move him to a cool location
D How are First-, second-, and third-degree burns classified? according to the area of the body burned according to the size of the burned area according to the source of heat causing the burn according to the layers of skin affected
B What is the FIRST treatment for a surface burn? wash the burned area with a warm soap and water solution flood, bathe, or immerse the burned area in cold water cover the burned area with talcum powder and bandage it tightly leave the burned area exposed to the atmosphere
C What should you do if a crewman suffers a second-degree burn on the arm? drain any blisters apply antiseptic ointment immerse the arm in cold water scrub the arm thoroughly to prevent infection
C Which of the following medical conditions has symptoms of: burning pain with redness of the skin, an irritating rash, blistering or loss of skin and or toxic poisoning? athlete's foot dermatitis chemical burn asphyxia
A What would be the result of physical exertion on the part of a person who has fallen into cold water? it will increase the rate of heat loss from the body it will increase survival time in the water it will increase the water temperature between the body and layers of clothing it will decrease exposure of the body surface to cold water
A What should you do for a crew member who has suffered frostbite to the toes of both feet? immerse the feet in warm water warm the feet with a heat lamp warm the feet at room temperature rub the feet
D What is the most effective treatment for warming a crew member suffering from hypothermia? running or jumping to increase circulation raising body temperature rapidly by placing hands and feet in hot water laying prone under heat lamps to rewarm rapidly bundling the body in blankets to rewarm gradually
D Which of the following is a treatment of frostbite? rubbing affected area with ice or snow wrapping area tightly in warm cloths rubbing affected area briskly to restore circulation warming exposed parts rapidly
A Which of the following describes the condition of Hypothermia? when the rate of heat loss of the body exceeds the rate of heat production when the rate of heat production in the body exceeds the rate of heat loss when the core body temperature drops to 38 degrees Celsius any instance when a person is emerged in water
B Which of the following is a symptom of mild hypothermia? decreased pulse and signs of drowsiness increased pulse and increased breathing rate decreased pulse and increased breathing rate increased pulse and signs of drowsiness
B You are attending to survivors after abandoning ship. Several of the personnel have a slow pulse and slow breathing rates. Which of the following is the most probable cause of these conditions? mild hypothermia moderate hypothermia dehydration shock
C A survivor has been pulled from the water off the coast of Greenland. The patient is in a state of confusion and has ceased shivering. Which of the following best describes the patient's condition? the patient is suffering from frostbite the patient is suffering from mild hypothermia the patient is suffering from moderate hypothermia the patient is suffering from frostnip
D Your vessel is in distress and the order has been given to abandon ship. If you must enter the water which of the following would aid in preventing hypothermia? once you are in the water keep moving as much as possible to increase circulation remove as many layers of clothing as possible before donning a survival suit to help increase buoyancy consume large amounts of cold liquids to increase hydration apply as many layers of clothing as possible before donning a survival suit to preserve body heat
D A person is exhibiting signs of hypothermia and starts to shiver, what does this indicate? the body requires a rapid increase in core temperature the body is dilating blood vessels to conserve heat the body is in the final stages of severe hypothermia the body is trying to generate more heat
B You have abandoned ship are in a liferaft with several other members of the crew. One person in the life raft is exhibiting symptoms of hypothermia. Which of the following could you do to aid the victim? keep him in an upright and vertical position use direct body to body contact to warm him give him alcohol to drink massage the persons limbs to increase circulation
D Your vessel is taking on water and the order has been given to abandon ship. Which of the following is an effective method of combating hypothermia if you must enter the water? apply multiple layers of clothing before donning an immersion suit only swim if necessary to reach survival craft or other survivors when entering the water attempt to do so gradually All of the above.
A When abandoning ship in cold waters, what actions can be taken to minimize the effects of entering the water? utilize embarcation ladders or a fire hose to lower yourself to a survival craft wear a type II PFD and carry an immersion suit with you inflate the life raft on deck, board the raft and wait for the vessel to sink do not abandon the vessel until help arrives on scene
B What can you do if a person gets something in his or her eye and you see that it is not embedded? remove it with a piece of dry sterile cotton remove it with a moist, cotton-tipped applicator get them to rub their eye until the object is gone remove it with a match or toothpick
B Which should NOT be a treatment for a person who has received a head injury and is groggy or unconscious? Elevate his head. Give a stimulant. Treat for shock. Stop severe bleeding.
A Where can a rescuer most easily check to determine whether or not an adult victim has a pulse? carotid artery in the neck brachial artery in the arm femoral artery in the groin radial artery in the wrist
D Seasickness is caused by rolling or rocking motions which affect fluids in what body part? stomach lower intestines bladder inner ear
A Which procedure should NOT be done for a person who has fainted? Give pain reliever. Revive the person with smelling salts. Lay the person horizontally. Loosen the clothing.
C What is the most useful drug to reduce mild fever? aromatic spirits of ammonia paregoric aspirin bicarbonate of soda
B What does first aid mean? medical treatment of accident emergency treatment at the scene of the injury dosage of medications setting of broken bones
C What are the symptoms of sea sickness? stomach cramps and diarrhea fever and thirst nausea and dizziness reddening of skin and hives
C What is the primary use of antiseptics? speed healing increase blood circulation prevent infection reduce inflammation
D What is the proper stimulant for an unconscious person? whiskey and water coffee tea ammonia inhalant
B What should you avoid when administering first aid? touching the patient before washing your hands unnecessary haste and appearance of uncertainty instructing bystanders any conversation with the patient
D What is normal mouth temperature? 96.4F 99.7F 97.5F 98.6F
C What is it called when you sort accident victims according to the severity of their injuries? evaluation surveying triage prioritizing
C Where there are multiple accident victims, which condition should be the first to receive emergency treatment? Back injuries Burns Suspension of breathing Major multiple fractures
D Where there are multiple accident victims, which type of injury should be the first to receive emergency treatment? Eye injuries Major multiple fractures Burns Severe shock
D What must the rescuer be able to do in managing a situation involving multiple injuries? prescribe treatment for the victim provide the necessary medication accurately diagnose the ailment or injury rapidly evaluate the seriousness of obvious injuries
D What can be determined about an injury from examining the condition of a victim's pupils? The degree of pain being suffered The degree of vision impairment Whether or not the victim's blood pressure is normal Whether or not the brain is functioning properly
A When it is necessary to remove a victim from a life threatening situation, what must the person giving first aid do? avoid subjecting the victim to any unnecessary disturbance carry the victim to a location where injuries can be assessed place the victim on a stretcher before attempting removal pull the victim by the feet
C What is a convenient and effective system of examining the body of an injury victim? Look for discoloration of the patient's skin. Watch the patient's eyes as you probe parts of the body. Check the corresponding (left versus right) parts of the body. Look for uncontrolled vibration or twitching of parts of the body.
B When giving first aid, in addition to conducting primary and secondary surveys, what should you be familiar with? how to set broken bones the limits of your capabilities which medications to prescribe how to diagnose an illness from symptoms
B What should you look for evidence of if a victim is unconscious? head injury irregular breathing broken limbs high fever
B What should you look for evidence of if a victim is unconscious? head injury irregular breathing broken limbs high fever
D Medical treatment aboard a vessel should not go beyond examination and emergency care without first consulting __________. the shore based superintendent the approved company medical manual the designated medic aboard a medical doctor
B Which statement describes a compound fracture? a fracture where more than one bone is broken a fracture where the bone may be visible a fracture where there is never any internal bleeding a fracture where the same bone is broken in more than one place
A How should a person suffering from possible broken bones and internal injuries be treated? not be moved but made comfortable until medical assistance arrives not be allowed to lie down where injured but moved to a chair or bunk be assisted in walking around be examined then walked to a bunk
B How should you FIRST treat a simple fracture? attempting to set the fracture preventing further movement of the bone alternately applying hot and cold compresses applying a tourniquet
A What should you do if a crew member is unconscious and the face is flushed? lay the crew member down with the head and shoulders slightly raised administer a liquid stimulant lay the crew member down with the head lower than the feet attempt to stand the crew member upright to restore consciousness
C What are the symptoms of heat exhaustion? slow and deep breathing slow and strong pulse pale and clammy skin flushed and dry skin
A What does the treatment(s) of heat exhaustion consist(s) of? moving to a shaded area and laying down bathing with rubbing alcohol placing the patient in a tub of cold water All of the above.
C What causes heat exhaustion? excessive intake of water when working or exercising excessive increase in body temperature excessive loss of water and salt from the body excessive loss of body temperature
D What are the symptoms of heat stroke? cold and moist skin, high body temperature hot and moist skin, high body temperature cold and dry skin, low body temperature hot and dry skin, high body temperature
B What is the principle treatment of sunstroke? bathing with rubbing alcohol cooling, removing to shaded area, and lying down drinking ice water All of the above.
B How should you treat a person suffering from heat exhaustion? administer artificial respiration give him sips of cool water cover him with a light cloth put him in a tub of ice water
A How should a patient suffering from heat exhaustion be treated? moved to a cool room and told to lie down kept standing and encouraged to walk slowly and continuously given a glass of water and told to return to work after 15 minutes of rest None of the above are correct
B A person with diabetes has received a minor leg injury. What symptoms would indicate the onset of a diabetic coma? reduced appetite and thirst slurred speech and loss of coordination only a low grade fever sneezing and coughing
A What are symptom(s) of a ruptured appendix? Muscle tenseness in almost the entire abdomen Diarrhea and frequent urination Extreme sweating and reddening skin Dilated pupils and shallow breathing
D What is the primary action when a patient is suspected of having appendicitis? give the patient a laxative to relieve pain give the patient morphine sulfate to relieve pain give the patient aspirin with a glass of water confine to bed until helicopter arrives
D What are the symptoms of sugar diabetes? decreased appetite and thirst elevated temperature gain in weight increased appetite and thirst
C What should be given to a diabetic who suffers an insulin reaction and is conscious? a glass of milk an ounce of whiskey orange juice soda crackers and water
B How is epilepsy, a chronic nervous disorder characterized? severe nausea and cramps muscular convulsions with partial or complete loss of consciousness sudden thirst and craving for candy severe agitation and desire to get out of closed spaces
D What should you do if a crew member is having an epileptic convulsion? completely restrain the victim give the victim artificial respiration give the victim one 30 mg. tablet of phenobarbital keep the victim from injuring him or herself
A What is the most important consideration while providing assistance to a victim of an epileptic seizure? prevent patient from hurting himself give artificial respiration keep the patient awake and make him/her walk if necessary to keep him/her awake remove any soiled clothing and put the patient in a clean bed
D How should the pain be relieved when a patient is suspected of having appendicitis? giving the patient aspirin with a glass of water giving the patient a laxative giving the patient morphine sulfate keeping an ice bag over the appendix area
D Why are persons who have swallowed a non-petroleum based poison given large quantities of warm soapy water or warm salt water? to neutralize the poison in the blood to absorb the poison from the blood to increase the digestive process and eliminate the poison to induce vomiting
B When providing first aid to a victim of gas poisoning, the MOST important symptom to check for is __________. unconsciousness suspension of breathing cold and moist skin slow and weak pulse
C What is the major cause of shock in burn victims? increase in body temperature and pulse rate high level of pain massive loss of fluid through the burned area emotional stress
A Why should a person being treated for shock should be wrapped in warm coverings? to preserve body heat to protect the person from injury during transportation to increase body heat to avoid self-inflicted wounds caused by spastic movement
D What is the best treatment for preventing traumatic shock after an accident? have the victim exercise to increase circulation keep the victim from electrical equipment apply ice packs and avoid excitement keep the victim warm and dry while lying down
D Which is a symptom of traumatic shock? Weak, rapid pulse Pale, cold skin Restlessness and anxiety All of the above.
B What are the symptoms of a fractured back? pain and uncontrolled jerking of the legs and arms pain at the site of the fracture and possible numbness or paralysis below the injury leg cramps in the muscles in one or both legs vomiting and involuntary urination or bowel movement
C What is an effective method for moving patients with spinal injuries onto a spine board? pack-strap carry two man extremities carry four man log roll fireman's drag
C What is the primary concern in aiding a back injury patient? providing enough fluids to prevent dehydration preventing convulsions and muscle spasms caused by the pain avoiding possible injury to the spinal cord by incorrect handling relieving the patient's pain by giving aspirin or stronger medication
D What is the procedure for checking for spinal cord damage in an unconscious patient? Selectively raise each arm and each leg and watch patient's face to see if he registers pain Beginning at the back of the neck, and proceeding to the buttocks, press the spine to find where it hurts Roll patient onto his stomach and prick along the length of his spine to check reaction Prick the skin of the hands and the soles of the feet with a sharp object to check for reaction